Continuing to develop some kind of research design
A potential theory or confirmation of a theory may come out at the end rather testing a pure hypothesis!
- A- priori (generated from theory, literature) –> health and wellbeing
- A posteriori (from data gathered)
- Look beyond language (because different words will we coded differently)
Important not to have a lead question for (lived realm) –> analysis of their response –> I will do the lead back to “play”
try a matrix diagram to create cross connection from affordance to Lefebvres realms.
use a play theory that I can lay over with Lefebvres theory.
Keep working on Ethics and proposal (for presentation) –> identify a confirmation seminar date.
Status DAAD grant application
Research on affordance
Gibson, J. J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston, Houghton Mifflin.
- Gibson argues affordance is an automatic process that is an integrated part of perception.
- People perceive things as part of their routine and consider at least to a degree what they could do with that.
- The potential use of an object to the individual.
- Question with regards to play is not “what is this?” rather “what can I do with this?”(Kaplan, S. and R. Kaplan (1982). Cognition and environment: functioning in an uncertain world. New York, Praeger. p. 93)
- Identity of the elements can be explored and elements rearranged.
- Familiarity is an outcome of a exploration (starting point for play)
- Even when rearranged object are manipulative, but manipulation need not to be of concrete objects.
Cognitive maps require a evaluative code in order to be effective guides to action (Kaplan, p.94).
Create tables of possibilities –> Preference, Type, Material and time dimension
Brendan Gleeson (2016): To a new Babylon, Griffith Review, Melbourne
Gleeson reflexes in his essay on the nexus between tradition, faith and reason. Drawing Terry Eagelton’s work (Hope without Optimism 2015) on the great force of the power of theology as a pathway to resolve the human dilema. Gleeson create a bridge to mental health and outlines that depression will be the second most common disease in the world by 2020 (WHO). Further he indicates that Hannah Arendt’s work (The Human Condition, 1958) and writings of Ivan Illich critic of western society. The critique was directed towards imagination of a world beyond capitalism and excessive trapping of industrial modernity. His imaginary future included a ‘convivial modernity’ where technology were seen as tools and limited to the principles of human and natural sufficiency. –> Bicycle was one of these ideal tools.
Are we creating good enough cities? While asking himself the question he outlines the limitation of utopian scenarios and points towards Eagelton ‘Images of utopia are always in danger of confiscating the energies that might otherwise be invested in its construction’. In addition he notes, that utopian thinking rarely produced anything other than misty eyed pieties that haven’t particular helped anyone.
Gleeson also point out and that is of particular interesting in relation to play as a cognitive behaviour, cognitive behaviour therapy is transfixed with the integrity of the present, evoking a civilisation that cannot mobilise the imaginative energy that is needed to face an imperilled future. –> resulting in higher rates of alienation or as Gleeson puts it ‘to be trapped in exile from human meaning and possibility.
He also highlights that Arendt warned about the collective consequences and summarised it in an ‘outbreak of human stupidity’ with an decrease in common sense supported by an increase of superstition and gullibility.
Conclusion: see the means to transform and renewal with hopeful ideas that can be implemented in the here and now –> embracing possibility of collective imagination in dark times through play.
Mental time travel (a way to capture the lived spaces of Lefebvre’s idea)
Reflexive work on research endeavour
Development of ppt summarising the research journey and development so far.
This includes Research question, research paradigm, research design matrix, methodology, initial methods.
Note: I find myself working intensively with the blog in order to keep track of though development.