Week 15: 23rd May- 27th May 2016

Types of play

Other procedures focus on the observation of various types of play (e.g., manipulative play; constructive play; and symbolic play, also referred to as fantasy play or pretend play; Enslein & Fein, 1981; Warren, Oppenheim, & Emde, 1996).

Structuring the literature

Papers on mental health and play

  • Vallée, J., E. Cadot, C. Roustit, I. Parizot and P. Chauvin (2011). “The role of daily mobility in mental health inequalities: The interactive influence of activity space and neighbourhood of residence on depression.” Social Science & Medicine 73(8): 1133-1144.
  • Simmel G, 1950, “The metropolis and mental life”, in The Sociology of Georg Simmel Ed. K Wolff
    (The Free Press, New York) pp 409 ^ 424
  • Latkin, C. A. and A. D. Curry (2003). “Stressful Neighborhoods and Depression: A Prospective Study of the Impact of Neighborhood Disorder.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 44(1): 34-44.
  • Gariepy, G., J. S. Kaufman, A. Blair, Y. Kestens and N. Schmitz (2015). “Place and health in diabetes: the neighbourhood environment and risk of depression in adults with Type 2 diabetes.” Diabetic Medicine 32(7): 944-950.
  • Miles, R., C. Coutts and A. Mohamadi (2012). “Neighborhood Urban Form, Social Environment, and Depression.” Journal of Urban Health 89(1): 1-18.
  • Gariepy, G., B. D. Thombs, Y. Kestens, J. S. Kaufman, A. Blair and N. Schmitz (2015). “The Neighbourhood Built Environment and Trajectories of Depression Symptom Episodes in Adults: A Latent Class Growth Analysis: e0133603.” PLoS One 10(7).
  • Salmon, A. K. (2015). “Learning by thinking during play: The power of reflection to aid performance.” Early Child Development and Care: 1-17.
  • Mol Lous, A. (2000). “Depression and Play in Early Childhood: Play Behavior of Depressed and Nondepressed.” Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders 8(4): 249. –> Depressed children showed significantly more non play behavior than their non depressed counterparts
  • Rye, N. (2008). “Play therapy as a mental health intervention for children and adolescents: play therapy has much to offer children who have had traumatic experiences or suffer from mental health and other problems. Play therapist Nina Rye explains.” The journal of family health care 18(1): 17.
  • Mol Lous, A. (2000). “Depression and Play in Early Childhood: Play Behavior of Depressed and Nondepressed.” Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders 8(4): 249.
  • Gump, P. V. (1975). Ecological psychology and children.
  • Csikszentmihalyi, M. and J. LeFevre (1989). “Optimal experience in work and leisure.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56(5): 815-822.
  • Conn, S. A. (1998). “Living in the Earth: Ecopsychology, health and psychotherapy.” The Humanistic Psychologist 26(1-3): 179-198.
  • Alexander, S. A., K. L. Frohlich and C. Fusco (2014). “Playing for health? Revisiting health promotion to examine the emerging public health position on children’s play.” Health Promot Int 29(1): 155-164.
  • Alexander, S. A., K. L. Frohlich and C. Fusco (2014). “‘Active play may be lots of fun, but it’s certainly not frivolous’: the emergence of active play as a health practice in Canadian public health.” Sociol Health Illn 36(8): 1188-1204.
  • Ofonedu, M. E., W. H. Percy, A. Harris-Britt and H. M. E. Belcher (2013). “Depression in Inner City African American Youth: A Phenomenological Study.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 22(1): 96-106.

Papers on physical activity and play

  • Biddle, S. J., S. J. Marshall, P. J. Gorely, A. Cameron and I. D. Murdey (2003). “Sedentary behaviour, body fatness and physical activity in youth: a meta-analysis.” Med Sci Sports Exerc 25.
  • KK, D. and L. CT (2006). Do attributes of the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature. , Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act.
  • Richardson, S., M. Prior, S. Richardson and M. Prior (2005). No time to lose: the well-being of Australia’s children.
  • Jago, R., R. Brockman, K. R. Fox, K. Cartwright, A. S. Page and J. L. Thompson (2009). “Friendship groups and physical activity: Qualitative findings on how physical activity is initiated.” IJBNPA 6.
  • Sallis, J. F., J. J. Prochaska and W. C. Taylor (2000). “A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 32.
  • Holt, N. L., J. C. Spence, Z. L. Sehn and N. Cutumisu (2008). “Neighborhood and developmental differences in children’s perceptions of opportunities for play and physical activity.” Health and Place 14(1): 2-14.
  • Trost, S. G., R. R. Pate, J. F. Sallis, P. S. Freedson, W. C. Taylor, M. Dowda and J. Sirad (2002). “Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth.” Med Sci Sports Exerc 34.
  • Simons-Morton, B. G., N. M. O’Hara, G. S. Parcel, I. W. Huang, T. Baranowski and B. Wilson (1990). “Children’s frequency of participation in moderate to vigorous physical activities.” Res Q Exerc Sport 61.
  • Salmon, J., A. Timperio, A. Telford, A. Carver and D. Crawford (2005). “Association of family environment with children’s television viewing and with low level of physical activity.” Obesity Res 13.
  • Salmon, J., N. Owen, D. Crawford, A. Bauman and J. F. Sallis (2003). “Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference.” Health Psychology 22.
  • Salmon, J., K. Ball, D. Crawford, M. Booth, A. Telford, C. Hume, D. Jolley and A. Worsley (2005). “Reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity among 10-year-old children: Overview and process evaluation of the ‘Switch-Play’ intervention.” Health Promotion International 20(1): 7-17.
  • Riddoch, C. J., C. Mattocks, K. Deere, J. Saunders, J. Kirkby, K. Tilling, S. D. Leary, S. N. Blair and A. R. Ness (2007). “Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity.” Arch Dis Child 92.
  • Pangrazi, R. P. (2000). “Promoting physical activity for youth.” The ACHPER Healthy Lifestyles Journal 47.
  • Gubbels, J. S., D. H. Van Kann and M. W. Jansen (2012). “Play equipment, physical activity opportunities, and children’s activity levels at childcare.” J Environ Public Health 2012: 326520.
  • Burdette, H., R. Whitaker and S. Daniels (2004). “Parental report of outdoor playtime as a measure of physical activity in preschool-aged children.” Archives of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine 158.
  • Broekhuizen, K., A.-M. Scholten and S. I. d. Vries (2014). “The value of (pre)school playgrounds for children’s physical activity level: a systematic review.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Actitvity 11(59).
  • Brockman, R., R. Jago, K. R. Fox, J. L. Thompson, K. Cartwright and A. S. Page (2009). “”Get off the sofa and go and play”: family and socioeconomic influences on the physical activity of 10-11 year old children.” BMC Public Health 9.
  • Holt, N. L., C.-T. Cunningham, Z. L. Sehn, J. C. Spence, A. S. Newton and G. D. C. Ball (2009). “Neighborhood physical activity opportunities for inner-city children and youth.” Health and Place 15(4): 1022-1028.

Papers on mobility and play

  • Page, A. S., A. R. Cooper, P. J. Griew and R. Jago (2010). “Independent mobility, perceptions of the built environment and children’s participation in play, active travel and structured exercise and sport: the PEACH Project.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 7.
  • Owen, N., N. Humpel, E. Leslie, A. Bauman and J. F. Sallis (2004). “Understanding environmental influences on walking: review and research agenda.” Am J Prev Med 27.
  • O’Brien, M., D. Jones and M. Rustin (2000). “Children’s independent spatial mobility in the public realm.” Childhood 7.
  • Giles-Corti, B., M. H. Broomhall, M. Knuiman, C. Collins, K. Douglas, K. Ng, A. Lange and R. J. Donovan (2005). “Increasing walking: how important is distance to, attractiveness, and size of public open space?” Am J Prev Med 28.
  • Eckersley, R., A. Wierenga and J. Wyn (2006). Flashpoints and signposts: pathways to success and wellbeing for Australia’s young people.
  • Carver, A., J. Salmon, K. Campbell, L. Baur, S. Garnett and D. Crawford (2005). “How do perceptions of local neighbourhoods relate to adolescents’ walking and cycling?” Am J Health Promot 20.
  • Wen, L. M., J. Kite, D. Merom and C. Rissel (2009). “Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: a cross-sectional survey of children aged 10-12 years in Sydney, Australia.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 6.
  • Nikolopoulou, M., K. Martin and B. Dalton (2016). “Shaping pedestrian movement through playful interventions in security planning: what do field surveys suggest?” Journal of Urban Design 21(1): 84-104.

Books and papers on social everyday life

  • Outhwaite, W. (1975). Understanding Social Life.
  • Malone, K., L. Hasluck and L. Chawla (2002). Growing up in an urbanising world.
  • Gilbert, A., S. L. Goldberg and F. B. Smith (1988). Australian cultural history.
  • Gehl, J., B. Svarre and K. A. Steenhard (2013). How to study public life. Washington, DC, Island Press.
  • Bowes, J. and J. Bowes (2004). Children, families & communities: contexts and consequences.
  • Bourdieu P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press.
  • Borowski, A., S. Encel, E. Ozanne, A. Borowski, S. Encel and E. Ozanne (1997). Ageing and social policy in Australia.
  • Jacobs, J. (1961). The death and life of great American cities. New York Random House.
  • Sampson, R. J., J. D. Morenoff and T. Gannon-Rowley (2002). “Assessing “Neighborhood Effects”: Social Processes and New Directions in Research.” Annual Review of Sociology 28(1): 443-478.
  • Hillier B, Hanson J, 1984 The Social Logic of Space (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge)

Papers on environment and play

Environmental Perception
  • Gibson J, 1979 The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA).
  • Scheflen A, 1972 Body Language and Social Order (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ)
  • Scheflen A, 1976 Human Territories: HowWe Behave in Space ^ Time (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ)
  • Merleau-Ponty, M. 1958. Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge.
  • Kaplan, S. and R. Kaplan (1982). Cognition and environment: functioning in an uncertain world. New York, Praeger.
  • Veitch, J., S. Bagley, K. Ball and J. Salmon (2006). “Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents’ perceptions of influences on children’s active free-play.” Health & Place 12(4): 383-393.
  • Veitch, J., J. Salmon and K. Ball (2007). “Children’s Perceptions of the Use of Public Open Spaces for Active Free-play.” Children’s Geographies 5(4): 409-422.
  • Timperio, A., D. Crawford, A. Telford and J. Salmon (2004). “Perceptions about the local neighborhood and walking and cycling among children.” Prev Med 38.
  • Thomson, J. L. and C. Philo (2004). “Playful spaces? A social geography of children’s play in Livingston, Scotland.” Children’s Geographies 2.
  • Spencer, K. H. and P. M. Wright (2014). Quality Outdoor Play Spaces for Young Children. Young Children, National Association for the Education of Young Children.: 28-34.
  • Powell, D. (1993). Out west: perceptions of Sydney’s western suburbs.
  • Peri Bader, A. (2015). “A model for everyday experience of the built environment: the embodied perception of architecture.” The Journal of Architecture 20(2): 244-267.
  • Morrow, V. (2001). “Using qualitative methods to elicit young people’s perspectives on their environments: some ideas for community health initiatives.” Health Educ Res 16.
  • Halseth, G. and J. Doddridge (2000). “Children’s cognitive mapping: a potential tool for neighbourhood planning.” Environment and planning B: planning and design 27(4): 565-582.
  • Gibson, J. J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston, Houghton Mifflin.
  • Burgmanis, Ģ., Z. Krišjāne and J. Šķilters (2014). “Acquisition of spatial knowledge in different urban areas: evidence from a survey analysis of adolescents.” Cognitive Processing 15(3): 373-383.
  • Brockman, R., R. Jago and K. R. Fox (2011). “Children’s active play: self-reported motivators, barriers and facilitators.” BMC Public Health 11(1): 1-7.
  • Bringolf-Isler, B., L. Grize, U. Mader, N. Ruch, F. H. Sennhauser, C. Braun-Fahrlander and S. team (2010). “Built environment, parents’ perception, and children’s vigorous outdoor play.” Prev Med 50(5-6): 251-256.
Perceived safety
  • Carver, A., A. Timperio and D. Crawford (2008). “Playing it safe: The influence of neighbourhood safety on children’s physical activity—A review.” Health & Place 14(2): 217-227.
  • Valentine, G. and J. McKendrick (1997). “Children’s outdoor play: Exploring parental concerns about children’s safety and the changing nature of childhood.” Geoforum 28.
  • Tucker, F. and H. Matthews (2001). “”They don’t like girls hanging around there”: conflicts over recreational space in rural Northamptonshire.” Area 33.
  • Jago, R., R. Brockman, J. L. Thompson, R. Fox and A. Page (2009). Licence to be active: Parental concerns and 10-11 year old children’s ability to be independently active. Journal of Public Health.
  • Ferraro, K. F. (1995). Fear of crime: interpreting victimization risk. Albany, NY, SUNY Press.
  • Carver, A., A. Timperio and D. Crawford (2008). “Playing it safe: The influence of neighbourhood safety on children’s physical activity—A review.” Health & Place 14(2): 217-227.
  • Bauman, Z. (2004). Living with Foreigners. Trust and Fear in the City, Milan, Fiducia e paura nella città
  • Farley, T. A., R. A. Meriwether, E. T. Baker, L. T. Watkins, C. C. Johnson and L. S. Webber (2007). “Safe Play Spaces To Promote Physical Activity in Inner-City Children: Results from a Pilot Study of an Environmental Intervention.” American Journal of Public Health 97(9): 1625-1631.
  • Foster, S., B. Giles-Corti and M. Knuiman (2010). “Neighbourhood design and fear of crime: A social-ecological examination of the correlates of residents’ fear in new suburban housing developments.” Health and Place 16(6): 1156-1165.
  • Hillier, B. 2004. “Can Streets Be Made Safe?” Urban Design International 9 (1): 31–45.
Impact of weather conditions
  • Tucker, P. and J. Gilliland (2007). “The effect of season and weather on physical activity: A systematic review.” Public Health 121.

Papers on nature and play

  • Maller, C. J., C. Henderson-Wilson and M. Townsend (2009). “Rediscovering Nature in Everyday Settings: Or How to Create Healthy Environments and Healthy People.” EcoHealth 6(4): 553-556.
  • Thwaites K (2001) Experiential landscape place: an exploration of space and experience in neighbourhood landscape architecture, Landscape Research 26 245 ^ 255
  • Beatley, T. (2011). Biophilic cities: integrating nature into urban design and planning. Washington, DC, Island Press
  • Grinde, B. and G. G. Patil (2009). “Biophilia: Does visual contact with nature impact on health and well-being?” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 6(9): 2332-2343.
  • Taylor, A. F., A. Wiley, F. E. Kuo and W. C. Sullivan (1998). “Growing up in the inner city- Green Spaces as Places to Grow.” Environment and Behavior 30(1): 3-27.
  • Stokols, D. (1996). “Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion.” Am J Health Promot 10.
  • Pellegrini, A. D. and P. K. Smith (1998). “Physical Activity Play: The Nature and Function of a Neglected Aspect of Play.” Child Development 69.
  • O’Brien, L. and R. Murray (2007). “Forest School and its impacts on young children: Case studies in Britain.” Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 6(4): 249-265.
  • McCormack, G. R., M. Rock, A. M. Toohey and D. Hignell (2010). “Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: A review of qualitative research.” Health & Place 16(4): 712-726.
  • Jorgensen, A. (2011). “Beyond the view: Future directions in landscape aesthetics research.” Landscape and Urban Planning 100(4): 353-355.
  • Chawla, L. (2015). “Benefits of Nature Contact for Children.” Journal of Planning Literature 30(4): 433-452.
  • Brockman, R., K. R. Fox and R. Jago (2011). “What is the meaning and nature of active play for today’s children in the UK?” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 8(1): 1-7.
  • Wells, N. M. (2000). “AT HOME WITH NATURE Effects of “Greenness” on Children’s Cognitive Functioning.” Environment and Behavior, 32(6): 775-795.
  • Wheeler, B. W., A. R. Cooper, A. S. Page and R. Jago (2010). “Greenspace and children’s physical activity: A GPS/GIS analysis of the PEACH project.” Preventive Medicine 51.
  • Bell, J. F., J. S. Wilson and G. C. Liu (2008). “Neighborhood Greenness and 2-Year Changes in Body Mass Index of Children and Youth.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 35(6): 547-553.

Papers on urban neighbourhoods and play

  • Lee, C. and A. V. Moudon (2008). “Neighbourhood design and physical activity.” Building Research & Information 36(5): 395-411.
  • Atencio, M. and K. Malone (2007). Child space: An anthropological exploration of young people’s use of space.
  • Beauvais, C. and J. Jenson (2003). The well-being of children: are there neighbourhood effects?
  • Tandy, C. (1999). “Children’s diminishing play space: a study of inter-generational change in children’s use of their neighbourhoods.” Australian Geographical Studies 37.
  • Roberts, J. D., R. Ray, A. D. Biles, B. Knight and B. E. Saelens (2015). “Built environment and active play among Washington DC metropolitan children: A protocol for a cross-sectional study.” Arch Public Health 73(1): 22.
  • Randolph, B. (2006). Children in the compact city: fairfiled as a suburban case study.
  • Matisziw, T. C., C. H. Nilon, S. A. Wilhelm Stanis, J. W. LeMaster, J. A. McElroy and S. P. Sayers (2016). “The right space at the right time: The relationship between children’s physical activity and land use/land cover.” Landscape and Urban Planning 151: 21-32.
  • Head, B. and B. Gleeson (2007). Creating child friendly cities (CCFC) conference: Outcomes and directions statement.
  • Hart, R. (2002). Containing children: some lessons on planning for play from New York City. Environment and Urbanization 14.
  • Goux, D. and E. Maurin (2006). Close neighbours matter: neighbourhood effects on early performance at school.
  • Ginsburg, K. R. (2007). “The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds.” Pediatrics 119.
  • Ellaway, A., A. Kirk, S. Macintyre and N. Mutrie (2007). “Nowhere to play? The relationship between the location of outdoor play areas and deprivation in Glasgow.” Health Place 13(2): 557-561.
  • Christensen, P. and M. O’Brien (2002). Children in the city: home, neighbourhood and community.
  • Bundy, A. C., G. Naughton, P. Tranter, S. Wyver, L. Baur, W. Schiller, A. Bauman, L. Engelen, J. Ragen, T. Luckett, A. Niehues, G. Stewart, G. Jessup and J. Brentnall (2011). “The sydney playground project: popping the bubblewrap – unleashing the power of play: a cluster randomized controlled trial of a primary school playground-based intervention aiming to increase children’s physical activity
  • Bryson, L. and I. Winter (1999). Social change, suburban lives: an Australian Newtown 1960s to 1990s.
  • Woolcock, G. (2006). Child friendly outer suburban communities: a case study.
  • Woolcock, G. and W. Steele (2008). Child friendly community indicators literature review. Based on a report prepared by Urban Research Program For the NSW Commission for Children & Young People, Griffith University 41.
  • Woolcock, G., B. Gleeson and B. Randolph (2010). “Urban research and child-friendly cities: a new Australian outline.” Children’s Geographies 8(2): 177-192.
  • Woolley, H. (2006). “Freedom of the city: Contemporary issues and policy influences on children and young people’s use of public open space in England.” Children’s Geographies 4.
  • Kottyan, G., L. Kottyan, N. M. Edwards and N. I. Unaka (2014). “Assessment of Active Play, Inactivity and Perceived Barriers in an Inner City Neighborhood.” Journal of Community Health 39(3): 538-544.

Books and papers on space in cities

  • Lefebvre H, 1991 The Production of Space (Blackwell, Oxford)
  • Sieverts, T. (2000). Zwischenstadt: Zwischen Ort und Welt, Raum und Zeit, Stadt und Land. United States, Birkhauser.
  • Aelbrecht, P. S. (2010). “Rethinking urban design for a changing public life.” Journal of Place Management and Development 3(2): 113.
  • Robinson, J. (2006). Ordinary cities: between modernity and development.
  • Richards, L. (1990). Nobody’s home: dreams and realities in a new suburb.
  • Park, R. B., E.; McKenzie R. (1970). The city. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
  • Papadaki, E. (2015). “Curating Lights and Shadows, or the Remapping of the Lived Experience of Space.” The Senses and Society 10(2): 217-236.
  • Miles, M. (2004). The city cultures reader. New York, NY, Routledge.
  • Malone, K., B. Gleeson and N. Sipe (2006). Creating child friendly cities: reinstating kids in the city.
  • Sitte, C. (1986). City planning according to artistic principles, in Camillo Sitte: The Birth of Modern City Planning Eds G Collins, C Collins (Rizzoli, New York) pp 129 ^ 332
  • Turner A (2003). Analyzing the visual dynamics of spatial morphology, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 30 657 ^ 676
  • Malone, K. (2007). Child space: An anthropological exploration of young people’s use of space.
  • Hall E T, 1966 The Hidden Dimension:Man’s Use of Space in Public and Private (The Bodley Head, London)
  • Habermas J, 1997, “Modern and postmodern architecture”, in Rethinking Architecture: A Reader in Critical Theory Ed. N Leach (Routledge, London) pp 227 ^ 235
  • Lynch, K. (1977). Growing up in cities.
  • Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge [Mass.], MIT Press.
  • Larice, M. and E. Macdonald (2007). The urban design reader. New York, Routledge.
  • Lamb, M. D. (2014). “Self and the City: Parkour, Architecture, and the Interstices of the ‘Knowable’ City.” Liminalities 10(2): 1-20.
  • LaBelle, B. (2011). “Sharing Architecture: Space, Time and the Aesthetics of Pressure.” Journal of Visual Culture 10(2): 177-188.
  • Karsten, L. (2005). “It all used to be better? Different generations on continuity and change in urban children’s daily use of space.” Child Geogr 3.
  • Karsten, L. (2003). “Children’s use of public space: the gendered world of the playground.” Childhood 10.
  • Gleeson, B., N. Sipe, B. Gleeson and N. Sipe (2006). Creating child friendly cities: reinstating kids in the city.
  • Gilloch, G. (1996). Myth and Metropolis: Walter Benjamin and the City. Cambridge Polity Press.
  • Farr, D. (2008). Sustainable urbanism: urban design with nature. Hoboken, N.J, Wiley.
  • Corkery, L., A. Grant, B. Roche and V. Romero (2006). They should fix the crack: Reflections on the built environment in the middle years.
  • Corbusier, L. (1971). The city of to-morrow and its planning. London, Architectural Press.
  • Chawla, L. (2002). Growing Up in an Urbanising World.
  • Butler, C. (2012). Henri Lefebvre: Spatial Politics, everyday life and the right to the city, Routledge.
  • Zardini M (2005). Sense of the City: an alternate approach to urbanism. Montréal Lars Müller Publishers.
  • Whyte, W. H. 1980. The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. New York, NY: Project for Public Spaces.
  • Whyte W. H. 1988. City: Rediscovering the Center. New York: Doubleday.
  • Alexander C, Ishikawa S, Silverstein M, Jacobson M, Fiksdahl-King I, Angel S, 1977 A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction (Oxford University Press, New York)
  • Amarala L,Ottino J, 2004,”Complex networks: augmenting the framework for the study of complex systems” The European Physical Journal B 38 147 ^ 162
  • Carmona M, Heath T, Oc T, Tiesdell S, 2003 Public Spaces Urban Places:The Dimensions of Urban Design (The Architectural Press, London)
  • Gehl J, 1987 Life Between Buildings (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York)

Papers and books on urban design and health

  • Sampson, R. J., J. D. Morenoff and T. Gannon-Rowley (2002). “Assessing “Neighborhood Effects”: Social Processes and New Directions in Research.” Annual Review of Sociology 28(1): 443-478.
  • Lowe, M., C. Boulange and B. Giles-Corti (2014). “Urban design and health: progress to date and future challenges.” Health Promot J Austr 25(1): 14-18.
  • Gleeson, B. (2006). Australian heartlands: making space for hope in the suburbs.
  • Gleeson, B. (2005). Modernity’s paradox: Fatter, sicker and sadder – Part 2.
  • Freeman, C., P. Henderson and J. Kettle (1999). Planning with children for better communities.
  • Jackson, L. E. (2003). “The relationship of urban design to human health and condition.” Landscape and Urban Planning 64(4): 191-200.
  • Buck, C., T. Tkaczick, Y. Pitsiladis, I. De Bourdehaudhuij, L. Reisch, W. Ahrens and I. Pigeot (2015). “Objective Measures of the Built Environment and Physical Activity in Children: From Walkability to Moveability.” Journal of Urban Health 92(1): 24-38.
  • Yan, A. F., C. C. Voorhees, K. Clifton and C. Burnier (2010). ““Do you see what I see?” – Correlates of multidimensional measures of neighborhood types and perceived physical activity–related neighborhood barriers and facilitators for urban youth.” Preventive Medicine 50: S18-S23.

Papers on right to healthy city

  • Boyd, D. R. (2015). “The right to a healthy environment: A prescription for Canada.” Canadian Journal of Public Health 106(6): E353.
  • Kruger, T. M., C. E. Savage and P. Newsham (2014). “Intergenerational Efforts to Develop a Healthy Environment for Everyone: Sustainability as a Human Rights Issue.” International journal of aging & human development 80(1): 27.
  • Warne, M., K. Snyder and K. Gillander Gådin (2013). “Promoting an Equal and Healthy Environment: Swedish Students’ Views of Daily Life at School.” Qualitative Health Research 23(10): 1354-1368.
  • Bollier, D. and B. H. Weston (2013). “Toward a recalibrated human right to a clean and healthy environment: making the conceptual transition.” Journal of Human Rights and the Environment 4(2): 116-142.
  • Cobzaru, A. (2013). “FAMOUS CASES WHICH CONFIRMED THE RIGHT TO A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT ON NATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LEVELS.” Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice 5(2): 400.
  • Triggs, T., C. McAndrew, M. Brooke Rogers, and A. B. Wootton. 2012. Safer Spaces: Communication Design for Counter Terror – Design Guidelines. London: Information Environments Research Network with Centre for Protection of National Infrastructure.


Papers and books on play

  • Stevens, Q. (2007). The ludic city : exploring the potential of public spaces. London; New York, Routledge.
  • Nikolopoulou, M., K. Martin and B. Dalton (2016). “Shaping pedestrian movement through playful interventions in security planning: what do field surveys suggest?” Journal of Urban Design 21(1): 84-104.
  • Sturm, J. A. J., J. H. B. Eggen and M. M. M. T. Bekker (2010). “Designing playful interactions for social interaction and physical play.” Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 14(5): 385-396.
  • Woodyer, T. (2012). “Ludic geographies: not merely child’s play.” Geography Compass 6(6): 313-326.
  • Stevens, Q. (2006). “The shape of urban experience: a reevaluation of Lynch’s five elements.” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 33(6): 803-823.
  • Smith, P. K. and Vollstedt (1985). “On defining play: An empirical study of the relationship between play and various play criteria.” Child Development 56.
  • Sutton-Smith, B. (1997). The ambiguity of play. US, Harvard University Press.
  • Mouledoux, E. (1977). Theorectical Considerations and a Method for the Study of Play. The study of play: Problems and Prospects: proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Association of the Anthropological Study of Play, West Point, N.Y., Leisure Press.
  • Lester, S. and W. Russell (2008). “Play for a Change.” Play Policy and Practice: A review of contemporary perspectives. London: NCB and Play England.
  • Lancy, D. F. and B. A. Tindall (1976/1979). The Anthropological Study of Play: Problems and Prospects. West Point
    New York, Leisure Press.
  • Huizinga, J. (1956). “Homo Ludens Vom Ursprung der Kultur im Spiel.”
  • Huizinga, J. (1949/1970). Homo ludens: A study of the play element in culture. London, Temple Smith
  • Garvey, C. (1990). Play. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
  • Caillois, R. and M. Barash (1961). Man, play, and games, University of Illinois Press.
  • Association for the Anthropological Study of, P., Meeting, D. F. Lancy and B. A. Tindall The study of play : problems and prospects : proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Association for the Anthropological Study of Play, West Point, N.Y., Leisure Press.
  • Arundell, L., J. Salmon and C. Hume (2010). “Influences on children’s TV viewing and outdoor play during the critical window.” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 12: e183-e183.
  • Ward, C. (1978). The child in the city.
  • Proyer, R. T. (2011). “Being playful and smart? The relations of adult playfulness with psychometric and self-estimated intelligence and academic performance.” Learning and Individual Differences 21(4): 463-467.

Papers and books to look up

  • Enslein, J., & Fein, G. G. (1981). Temporal and cross-situational stability of children’s social and play behavior. Developmental Psychology, 17, 760- 761.
  • Warren, S. L., Oppenheim, D., & Emde, R. N. (1996). Can emotions and themes in children’s play predict behavior problems? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1331-133
  • Merleau-Ponty, M. 1958. Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge.
  • Whyte, W. H. 1980. The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. New York, NY: Project for Public Spaces.
  • Whyte W. H. 1988. City: Rediscovering the Center. New York: Doubleday

Sections for lit review

  1. Physical health benefits of playful behaviour
  • Physical activity,
  • Overweight and obesity


  1. Mental health benefits of playful behaviour
  • Brain development
  • Prevents Depression
  • Happiness
  • Anti stress


  1. Social connection through playful behaviour
  • Social inclusiveness
  • Effects on all age groups
  1. Environmental benefits
  • human nature experience (biophilia)
  • urban landscapes
  • air pollution
  • transport and speeds
  • play and neighbourhood environments
  1. Safes money
  1. Creativity
  1. Productivity
  1. Fun
  2. Safety


Work on Ethics and course work (scanning of articles)


Reading the book “Introduction to Phenomenology” while waiting for the builders to be finished.

Finishing draft ethics and further worked on the course set up on moodle (literature uploaded)


Thought on links between play links to creativity, community building, leading to higher value of localism and supporting bioregionalism. –> Investigate options

Work on PhD proposal.


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