Week 19: 20th June – 25th June 2016


Australian Play culture – not permitted anymore! (Source: Daily Telegraph June 20, 2016, p. 12)


Draft structure literature review

Structure literature review

  1. Introduction
  2. Cities and everyday life
    • City
    • Everyday life in cities
    • Role of Urban Design in everyday life
      • Place making
      • Tactical Urbanism
    • Typologies in urban design for public life
      • Street
      • Edge
      • Open space
      • Parks
      • Public places
      • Public spaces
      • Third spaces
  1. Play (definitions, explorations)
    • Playful behaviour
    • Typologies of play
    • Human play
      • Children (structured and unstructured)
      • Adolescents
      • Adults
      • Older people
      • People with disadvantages
      • Interaction with other living beings
    • Risk and play
    • Right to play
      • Universal Declaration on Human Rights
      • UN Rights of the Child (Article 12 and 31)
  •  Play culture
    • International context
    • Australia
    • Germanycool
    • Vietnam
    • Finland
  1. Environmental health and well- being
    • Physical health
      • Physical activity
        • Structured physical activity
        • Unstructured physical activity
      • Obesity and overweight
      • Diabetes 2 and other non-communicable diseases
    • Mental health
      • Cognitive development
      • Depression
    • Healthy environments
      • Biophilia (Open space and nature)
      • Safe and attractive places and spaces
      • Connected places
      • Environments for all
      • Supportive infrastructure
      • Built form
  1. Quality experiences in public everyday life
    • Flow
    • Maslow’s pyramid of human needs
    • Gibson’s affordance concept



Play for all- as a path towards the re-establishment of a strong civil society based on space of quality experiences in a prosperous perceived realm of everyday life.

based on reading of “Australian heartlands- making space for hope in the suburbs” by Brendan Gleeson, 2006

Supervisor meeting

  • Confirmation seminar last HDR 2016
  • Research question
  • Development of a one pager (concept context conviction) approx. 500 words
  • Clarification on case study approach

Selection criteria:

  • Germany Australia Finland Vietnam
  • Political systems
  • Geography
  • City size
  • Density/built form
  • Climate
  • Personal experience
  • Open space/built space

Purpose of research 

One pager that outlines the concept, context and my conviction in approximately 500 words can be downloaded by clicking herePurpose of research

Selection criteria case study approach

Political system

  • Vietnam – single party socialistic republic
  • Australia – federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Germany, Finland – democratic, federal parliamentary republic
  • Cuba – democratic centralist




Vietnam – tropical

Australia – subtropical

Germany- continental

Finland, Sweden, Denmark –  cool, maritime, continental/ subarctic climate

City size

Need to conceptualise the term ‘mid size city’:

In the context of globalisation, urbanisation and sustainable development goals there seems to be a strong focus and emphasis on the leading large sized cities around the planet. Organisations and Institutions such as C40, Rockefeller Foundation, the LSE Urban Age Program etc. focus with their programs on the mega or large cities. However, mid sized cities will evidently have to deal with similar challenges relating to urban qualities such as housing, social, environment, culture and economy. As a consequence, mid sized cities remain often unexplored to a degree. Often these cities seem to be less well equipped corresponding with their available resources and internal capacity. In the other hand mid sized cities can offer assets that are not available in larger cities. For example in Europe living more than 260 million people in cities with more than 100.000 people, but only 20 percent of them living only in cities with more than 2.5 million people. 44 percent live in cities of less that 500.000 residents. However population size may need to contextualised in the regionally, nationally and internationally. For example in China cities with up to 5 million may still considered as mid sized city.

So population size is a starting point to define mid sized cities.

Cities up and around 500.000 people


  • Kassel (192,874)
  • Potsdam (159,456)
  • Freiburg (229,144)


  • Hoi An (121,716)
  • Hué (333,715)


  • Canberra- Queanbeyan (373,084)
  • Newcastle (489,599)
  • Gold Coast- Tweed (565,705)

Skandinavian countries (Finland, Sweden, Denmark):

  • Helsinki (629512)
  • Malmö (318,107)
  • Copenhagen (591,481)

Why Sweden? Sweden’s Vision Zero road safety policy.

Built form / open space


Personal experience

Work experience in Kassel, Potsdam, Hué, Canberra,









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