Week 5: 14th -18th March 2016


The concept of habitus, popularised by Bourdieu, has also been influential in terms of
understanding non-conscious influences on practices (Hitchings, 2012; Sallaz, 2010).

It refers to the way in which a person’s socialisation appears to embed in them a set of durable tastes, habits, and dispositions that then guide their later choices and practices (Bourdieu, 1984; Clarke et al., 2003; Sallaz, 2010; Setten, 2009). Habitus is understood as neither immutable nor deterministic, however it “ensures that individuals are more inclined to act in some ways than others” (Setten, 2009, p. 1).

However more people confirm with norm.

Structure  resulting of wide reading:

Status mind map on the topic “play” can be accessed by clicking the link: play


Ethic notes

  • professional and personals ethics
  • ethical responsibility towards material, profession, communities, owners and descendants
  • acknowledge limits of expertise
  • protection of scientific research
  • highlights responsibilities and change in planning practice, gender and indigenouse rights

–> rights of non human species
–> change in social justice

active vs. passive ethics
–> can’t derive from codes–> what questions to ask- they don’t provide the answers.

integration of active and passive implication of research
theories help to realise what to change in society

usual ethics issues from a cultural perspective:
– colonialism and neo- colonialism
– intellectual property
– informed consent
– human rights/ cultural rights
– ownership and access
– ethical issues in the digital domain

“Visibility is not only an effect of power, but also its condition of possibility” Foucault

–> ethics with children not an easy task to resolve

use around images and video footing interviews with people

How to capture cultural change between communities and play?

–> benefits of research must weigh up against constrains


Setting up your PhD research Project Session results from 15th March

by David Marsh

  • identify topic: interest and importance
  • search for existing literature in the field (omission or commission) –> meaning work has been done but not very good because; address faults in literature
  • value add is crucial


Research design
– depends on topic that comes out of literature review- different types of PhD means different conditions apply

Put a different twist on the topic –> use quantitative data and put a qualitative spin on it!

–> get a better understanding of the conceptual framework by using the case to develop the add value claim –> identification of the weaknesses of my claim

–> natural claim in research design: Literature review –> understanding before then overlay with my claim towards why we understand it better with my research method/ framework!

New method type for my consideration:
Photo dissertation –> figure out conceptional understanding of an issue

Understanding of adults what active play environment means to them?

Positivist analysis: test your theory against a hypothesis and revise as you look for the one truth!

Constructivist analysis: interpretation is crucial –> there is no one truth –> world is always constructed –> hermeneutic 1 dealing with peoples understanding, h 2 dealing with my understanding of peoples understanding, h 3 how will the readers understanding be based on my understanding

rational choice theory

Tip for interviews: always ask your interviewee if i can come back to them! Interviews usually improve over time..

Systematic approach to qualitative analysis

Idea: Write a letter about why am I doing this?

Tip: Always aim for short sentences.

Structure for PhD:

  1. Introduction (my add value, my research questions, my method, how is it structured) –> make it easy to read: character should be like an executive summary without result (4000-5000 words)
  2.  a) Lit- review to establish my add value through my research question
    b) brief discussion of my method
    c) report and discuss my findings by addressing the research question
  3. Summarise results: what did I find and the conceptual framework relates to it back, suggest other work that might be done


Philosophical section

Heidegger on truth:

The possibility of proportions being true or false (the possibility, as I shall put it, of reality’s becoming ‘intelligible’ to us) depends on there being things to which they refer and facts about those things to which they may or may not correspond, and since the identification of such a realm of facts depends on a horizon of disclosure which alone makes it possible, truth as correspondence is dependent on a something more ‘primordial’. This condition of the possibility of propositional truth Heidgegger calls ‘truth as disclosure’ or often, using the Greek word, ‘aletheia’ – a letheia, bringing out of ‘oblivion’ or concealment.

Truth as disclosure (Young (2002) Heigegger’s Later Philosophy, p. 7)

Further Heidgegger calls the truth a “constellation”. To achieve ‘insights into that which is (TT p.47) (and everything which we will discover that to entail) we must, he says, ‘look into the constellation of truth (QCT, p.33) p. 10 in Young

Heidgegger further notes ‘he who…knows what is known what he will in the midst of what is (OWA. p.67) this translates in Youngs view into: how you see things is how you act. The character  of a culture’s fundamental horizon of disclosure is the ‘essence’, the explanatory ground, of the fundamental character of its action. P.40 in Young


18/03/16 – Intensive full day course with Tim

Understanding moodle


  • Copyright: any photo before 1955 is not copy right
  • unpublished manuscripts are always copyright
  • Authors death plus 70 years –> then copyright ceases
  • Moral rights –> even when selling the rights you have to mentioned as the author.
  • Intellectual copy right –> I retain the IP but the UC will share the claim
  • National state library guide is useful for Moral rights and copyright
  • Film is very messy
  • open license –> creative commons –> share under conditions (www.creativecommons.com) based on copyright
  • cc by –> attribution
  • cc- by nd –> share but don’t change
  • cc by nc –> use but don’t make money out of it
  • cc zero –> public domain

Check out GIFITUP

Open Access Journals –> through an institutional embargo (green and gold)

hybrid access –> if authors pay then they make them freely available (often part of grants)

Directory of open access journals (www.doaj.org)

Institutional repository
Sherpa/Romeo –> publisher copyright policies in comparison http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/search.php

  • Author agreement  with publisher possible
  • Author Addendums –> how to retail the copy right

Create a better online you http://www.library.qut.edu.au/a-better-online-you/#/